The new building of the National Library
The new building has been planned in such a way that apart from the Library’s management corpus, logistical units and a car park, it houses eight important, specialised centres of book keeping and separate troves for printed reference and non-reference books, manuscripts and rare books, as well as non-book resources, being fully compatible with every new development in IT technology. The new building also makes it possible for the specialised troves to be in direct and interactive contact with each other.
The building has a total surface area of 97,000 square metres and is comprised of eight main sections. In normal circumstances, the building can house 4 million volumes of books and periodicals, which can be increased to 7 million if intensive shelving systems are used. The spaces necessary for the functions of the Library have been classified as a result of which eight units have been placed in the corporal plan of the building. These units are in fact the spatial divisions of the Library which, based on their type of activity, come under separate groups and must be related to each other in physical terms:
The total surface area of the units, taking into account the coefficient of 25% for horizontal and vertical movements, equals 90,000 square metres. The new building houses five reading halls:
The total capacity of the reading halls is over 1500 persons.
Due to the natural properties of the plan and the environmental conditions surrounding them, the building contracts and expands, combines discipline with freedom in light and air, and places her elements amongst them. The spaces used by the public are naturally located on the level of the square, one storey higher and one lower than that, hence composing the formation of tree branches intertwined under the sprinkling light
The light of the horizon beams in through the marginal openings in the spaces, tangent light peeks through via the roof windows and the frontal light drowns all these spaces from the spray windows. The pursuit of light has pushed the ceilings of some of the internal spaces adjacent to peripheral ones with lower ceilings up to three storeys high, recalling high vaults of old Persian architecture with VIP chambers around them. The troves neighbouring the reading halls, which do not need light, have been pushed towards the western front that cannot stand extended windows. The closed central troves, which are the heaviest elements in the plan, come under these spaces, push down the building’s centre of gravity and go away from the margins of the building to avoid light and fluids. The lightest parts of the plan, that is the offices of the President and administrative services, fly to the highest level of the building and on top of these offices sits an enclosed space for the installation of antennae and communication dishes.
Access to the building
Access by the Underground
The closest Underground station to the Documents and National Library Organisation compound is the Mirdamad Station on Shahid Haghani Highway. Shuttle buses run the route between the Station and the compound regularly every day.
Telephone: (+98) 021 88644080-81
Fax: (+98) 021 88644082
Address: The National Library Local Access Road, Mirdamad Underground Station, Shahid Haghani Highway, Tehran.
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